A teacher librarian's learning journey

Man! Terminology and Hider Chapter 2 July 17, 2013

Filed under: ETL505 Bibliographic Standards in Education — Jennifer Baccon @ 2:13 am

Foreign language is exactly the right analogy…a different grammar…the concepts are all there in English but I need to practice the specific lingo of Metadataian…a new and bizarre perspective I’ve never considered before in dealing with info…

  • Metadata elements – elements describe aspects or attributes of the information resource
  • Egs of attributes are title, author, subject, size, publication date
  • Being more techy…resources attributes are distinguished from its relationships to other entities eg. a books size could be viewed as an attribute whilst its author considered as an entity with an “authorial” relationship to the book…I’m only just grasping at this! It’s really just all about expression
  • Information resource description is ultimately biased by the views of the creator and how they think aboutr serving the needs of the user
  • What metadata does the user need to get the info they need is basically it!
  • There is however, different forms of user ie. end-user and intermediary
  • User research needed re. needs and behaviours
  • As information resources are designed for particular uses (eg. recipes)  in general, metadata creators can predict to some extent how resources will be used irrespective of the user

Different levels of information resource (like looking inside to find the smaller parts of an atom)…

IFLA (International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions) model involves four levels as encapsulated in a report entitled Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (1998):
Items – individual objects, physical forms (copy of a printed book, a website rendered on a computer screen)

Manifestations – of a work or expression, a version of the carrier (a particular printing of a book)

Expressions – versions of a work (a novel in a particular language), how a work is expressed

Works – a work consists of content (a novel, picture, report)

Known as the FRBR hierachy

FRBR user tasks (functions of library catalogue):

  • find
  • identify
  • select
  • obtain

Fifth proposed by Svenonius (2000)

  • navigate – systems of collocation, structures for users to navigate, finding attributes that identify related works – equivalence, association
  • Looking at rather than for resources

Finding resources

  • Search strategies will use an attribute to pinpoint the resource – most precise is an identifier (often a number) or its name (most common)
  • Most items not assigned their own name (eg. the Mona Lisa referes tio the original)
  • Manifestation unlikely to be named and not often used to find the resource as metadata
  • Expressions of greater interest in finding (eg. Homer’s Odyssey) although often general in metadata (eg. revised edition)
  • The work is the primary objective of information seekers (finders)
  • Title and author of import (creator)
  • Often however, seeking a subject rather than a specific work or creator

Identifying resources

  • If the user knows only the kind of resource they want they select or reject a particular resource
  • If they know the resource they want they identify or reject
  • As with finding its all about identification and selection involving metadata rather than the actual resource
  • A description represents the resource – records as resource surrogates
  • Items and manifestations associated are more conductive to the assignment of identifiers as they are tangible as opposed to works and expressions
  • Item level these are barcodes (ISBN) but this is more about inventory than info searching

Selecting resources

  • User has no specific resource in mind
  • Descriptions are considered then selection or rejection through contemplating attributes
  • Its about the subject of its content in selecting
  • Abstracts, titles, tables of contents, plot synopses, subject terms
  • Quality  too may be of interest – ratings – and currency and amount of content and form  (eg. map)
  • Attributes used to select known as  relevance criteria
  • Utility too – may be contingent on what has already been used or selected

Obtaining resources

  • Often little metadata is needed, particularly re. digital info
  • Critical however, is the resources location
  • As a manifestation,  expression or work cannot be obtained without also obtaining an item, it is at this levelhat this function primarily operates

Navigating resources and collections

  • Dependent on collocation
  • Consistent recording of metadata values needed as well as describing of explicit relationships between resources
  • Important as for finding, identifying, selecting are subject and author
  • To establish similarity with respect to an attribute, the values of that attribute must be the same

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