Books@Baccon

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McMillan & Schumacher (2006) April 18, 2013

Filed under: EER500 Introduction to Educational Research — Jennifer Baccon @ 8:13 am

Chapter 2: Research designs and reading research reports

  • p. 21 infographic of research designs/methods
  • Purpose of design is to outline a plan for generating empirical evidence in answering a research question
  • Quantitative research designs arrived at from fields adopting a positivist philosophy of knowing ie. objective and quantification of phenomenon
  • Sub-categories of quantitative design – experimental and non-experimental
  • Difference between these has implications for the nature of the design and the types of conclusions that can be made from such research
  • Positive correlation - high values of a variable are connected to high values of another variable
  • Qualitative designs are as systematic as quantitative designs but the emphasis is on gathering data on naturally occurring phenomenon
  • Variety of methods used in qualitative research to achieve a deep understanding
  • Methodology – research design, subjects, instruments, procedures
  • Reading quantitative research – abstract then scan intro., research problem, conclusion sections

N.B. Great questions to use in evaluation quantitative research pp. 31-32 Qualitative pp. 40-41 and exemplifying/annotated research paper examples

  • Formats for reporting qualitative research are more diverse
  • Need to read ALL report to understand qualitative research
  • True experimental research uses random subjects
  • Experimental research involves manipulation of factors in the study of cause and effect
  • Non-experimental is a generic term used to describe research in which there is no direct control over causation
  • Ethnography is a detailed description and interpretation of a culture/system
  • Phenomenological research focusses on the meaning of an experience from the informant’s viewpoint
  • Grounded theory develops detailed concepts/propositions re. a phenomenon
  • Critical studies emphasize the subjectivity of knowledge
  • Qualitative data as evidence in making conclusions?
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